留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中多环芳烃的来源解析及健康风险评价

唐大镜 孙成瑶 陈凤格 赵川 关茗洋

唐大镜,孙成瑶,陈凤格,赵川,关茗洋. 2022. 石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中多环芳烃的来源解析及健康风险评价. 气象学报,80(3):1-11 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.038
引用本文: 唐大镜,孙成瑶,陈凤格,赵川,关茗洋. 2022. 石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中多环芳烃的来源解析及健康风险评价. 气象学报,80(3):1-11 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.038
Tang Dajing, Sun Chengyao, Chen Fengge, Zhao Chuan, Guan Mingyang. 2022. Sources and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs during heating and non-heating periods in Shijiazhuang City. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 80(3):1-11 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.038
Citation: Tang Dajing, Sun Chengyao, Chen Fengge, Zhao Chuan, Guan Mingyang. 2022. Sources and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs during heating and non-heating periods in Shijiazhuang City. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 80(3):1-11 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.038

石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中多环芳烃的来源解析及健康风险评价

doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.038
详细信息
    作者简介:

    唐大镜,主要从事空气污染与人群健康关系研究。E-mail:1097272631@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    关茗洋,主要从事环境卫生监测与评价研究。E-mail:gmyguan@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P49 X513

Sources and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs during heating and non-heating periods in Shijiazhuang City

  • 摘要: 为研究石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期大气细颗粒物(PM2.5)中多环芳烃(polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,PAH)的污染特征及其人群健康效应,采集了石家庄市2017年1月—2019年12月每月10—16日PM2.5样品,使用气相色谱-质谱联用仪测定PM2.5中优先控制的16种多环芳烃的浓度,分析采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中式环芳烃的污染水平及组成特征,利用特征比值法和主成分分析法对其来源进行定性判断,并采用健康风险评估模型以及预期寿命损失评估多环芳烃对人群的健康风险。结果表明:①PM2.5及其多环芳烃浓度平均水平在采暖期分别为106.00 μg/m3、44.17 ng/m3,非采暖期分别为73.00 μg/m3、40.17 ng/m3。16种多环芳烃中含量最高的是苯并[a]芘,其次为苯并[k]荧蒽、苯并[b]荧蒽、䓛。多环芳烃单体环数越高其致癌作用越强,不同环数多环芳烃单体的占比在采暖期与非采暖期有所不同;采暖期为4环>5环>2—3环>6环,非采暖期呈5环>4环>6环>2—3环的趋势。②特征比值法和主成分分析法结果显示,采暖期多环芳烃的主要来源为煤炭燃烧,非采暖期的主要来源为机动车尾气排放。③健康风险分析表明,采样期间终身致癌超额危险度和预期寿命损失均呈非采暖期>采暖期,成人>青少年>儿童。不同年龄组人群中终身致癌超额危险度值均为10−6—10−4,表明石家庄市大气PM2.5中多环芳烃具有潜在的致癌风险。在男性儿童、青少年、成人中的预期寿命损失分别为41.18 min、54.72 min、110.42 min,在女性儿童、青少年、成人中预期寿命损失分别为42.93 min、57.53 min、101.05 min。研究显示,石家庄市PM2.5中多环芳烃在所有人群均具有潜在致癌风险, PM2.5中多环芳烃通过呼吸暴露对人群造成的预期寿命损失需引起重视。

     

  • 图 1  石家庄市大气PM2.5采样点位置

    Figure 1.  Location of sampling site for PM2.5 in Shijiazhuang

    图 2  2017—2019年石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期大气PM2.5中多环芳烃单体浓度及环数分布 (a)、不同环数PAHs单体占比情况 (b)

    Figure 2.  Monomer concentration and number distribution (a) and different number distribution (b) of PAHs in PM2.5 in heating and non-heating period of 2017—2019

    表  1  采暖期与非采暖期大气PM2.5(μg/m3)及其中多环芳烃组分浓度(ng/m3

    Table  1.   Mean PAHs concentrations in PM2.5(μg/m3)during heating and non-heating periods(ng/m3

    成分采暖期非采暖期ZP
    PM2.5浓度106.00(75.00,180.75)73.00(52.00,99.75)−6.863<0.001
    NaP
    Acy0.09(0.09,0.66)0.09(0.09,0.09)−8.847<0.001
    Ace0.09(0.09,0.09)0.09(0.09,0.09)−8.076<0.001
    Fl0.09(0.09,1.51)0.09(0.09,0.09)−5.518<0.001
    Phe2.28(0.09,6.72)0.28(0.09,2.29)−7.582<0.001
    Ant1.98(1.20,7.30)2.08(1.74,3.48)−1.6290.103
    Flu4.18(2.12,12.68)2.22(1.40,2.73)−7.622<0.001
    Pyr6.00(2.07,19.68)1.52(1.31,3.16)−8.085<0.001
    Chry4.14(2.11,8.72)4.43(3.06,5.00)0.9930.321
    BaA3.02(1.42,12.50)2.74(1.55,3.36)−2.6160.009
    BbF4.38(1.98,14.95)4.85(3.17,6.02)0.2860.775
    BkF3.78(1.90,12.23)4.90(4.14,6.14)2.3860.017
    BaP3.90(0.92,14.00)5.70(0.09,7.64)−2.0140.044
    DahA2.19(1.03,4.01)2.30(0.09,4.76)−0.2400.810
    InP1.89(1.12,3.73)2.54(1.75,6.41)2.9380.003
    BghiP2.06(0.79,2.46)4.36(2.22,6.32)7.550<0.001
    ∑ PAHs44.17(20.88,124.58)40.17(29.84,53.28)−2.4720.013
    注:“—”为未检出,“Z”为Mann-Whitney U检验的标准化检验统计量;P为统计学概率。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2017—2019年石家庄市PM2.5中多环芳烃的特征比值

    Table  2.   Characteristic ratios of PAHs in PM2.5

    组分实际值参考值(Mancilla,et al,2016;张艺璇等,2020)来源
    采暖期非采暖期
    BaA/(BaA+Chry)<0.20石油挥发源
    0.20—0.35燃烧源
    0.420.40>0.35机动车排放源
    Flu/(Flu+Pyr)<0.40石油挥发源
    0.490.40—0.50化石燃料燃烧源
    0.53>0.50煤和生物质燃烧的混合源
    Ant/(Ant+Phe)<0.10石油挥发源
    0.590.92>0.10燃烧源
    InP/(InP+BghiP)<0.20石油挥发源
    0.430.20—0.50石油燃烧源
    0.52>0.50煤和生物质燃烧的混合源
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2017— 2019年石家庄市采暖期与非采暖期PM2.5中多环芳烃的主成分分析

    Table  3.   PCA loading factors for PAHs in PM2.5 in heating and non-heating periods

    成分采暖期非采暖期
    因子1因子2因子3因子1因子2因子3因子4
    Acy0.7150.5310.914
    Ace0.6600.593
    Fl
    Phe0.948
    Ant0.8560.673
    Flu0.860
    Pyr0.8300.948
    Chry0.9050.955
    BaA0.9310.946
    BbF0.9340.900
    BkF0.8630.902
    BaP0.882
    DahA0.913
    InP0.8990.6700.810
    BghiP0.8500.854
    特征值10.142.151.258.331.621.261.03
    解释方差(%)67.5814.328.3155.5210.788.416.87
    累计方差(%)67.5881.9090.2155.5266.3074.7181.58
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  致癌风险评价暴露参数

    Table  4.   Exposure parameters for carcinogenic risk assessment

    暴露参数
    儿童

    青少年

    成人
    男性女性男性女性男性女性
    IR(m3/h)8.48.413.113.118.715.1
    ET(h/d)444444
    EF(d/a)365365365365365365
    ED(a)6614143030
    BW(kg)17.216.547.144.871.463
    AT(d)365×70365×70365×70365×70365×70365×70
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  2017—2019年石家庄市人群终身致癌超额危险度和预期寿命损失

    Table  5.   Population lifetime carcinogenic excess risk and loss of life expectancy

    分组
    采暖期

    非采暖期
    ILCR(10−6LL(min)ILCR(10−6LL(min)
    儿童0.53(0.19,1.53)33.00(12.10—95.11)0.69(0.24,0.89)42.93(14.65,55.43)
    0.55(0.20,1.59)34.40(12.61,99.14)0.72(0.25,0.93)44.76(15.28,57.79)
    青少年0.71(0.26,2.03)43.85(16.07,126.38)0.92(0.31,1.19)57.05(19.47,73.66)
    0.74(0.27,2.14)46.10(16.90,132.87)0.96(0.33,1.25)59.98(20.47,77.45)
    成人1.42(0.52—4.10)88.49(32.44,255.02)1.85(0.63,2.39)115.13(39.29,148.64)
    1.30(0.48,3.75)80.98(29.68,233.38)1.69(0.58,2.19)105.36(35.96,136.03)
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 安玉琴,郝海燕,金红等. 2018. 河北省四城市PM2.5中多环芳烃污染水平及健康风险评价. 职业与健康,34(22):3129-3133

    An Y Q,Hao H Y,Jin H,et al. 2018. Pollution level and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 of four cities in Hebei Province. Occup and Health,34(22):3129-3133 (in Chinese)
    [2] 蔡瑞婷,肖舜,董治宝等. 2021. 汾渭平原典型城乡PM2.5中多环芳烃特征与健康风险. 地理学报,76(3):740-752 doi: 10.11821/dlxb202103017

    Cai R T,Xiao S,Dong Z B,et al. 2021. Characteristics and health risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 in the typical urban and rural areas of the Fenwei Plain. Acta Geogr Sinica,76(3):740-752 (in Chinese) doi: 10.11821/dlxb202103017
    [3] 陈刚,周潇雨,吴建会等. 2015. 成都市冬季PM2.5中多环芳烃的源解析与毒性源解析. 中国环境科学,35(10):3150-3156 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6923.2015.10.036

    Chen G,Zhou X Y,Wu J H,et al. 2015. Source apportionment and toxicity quantitation of PM2.5-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons obtained from Chengdu,China. China Environ Sci,35(10):3150-3156 (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6923.2015.10.036
    [4] 陈瑞,李拥军,杨海霞等. 2019. 2018年兰州社区大气细颗粒物中多环芳烃的污染特征及健康风险评价. 卫生研究,48(6):957-963

    Chen R,Li Y J,Yang H X,et al. 2019. Pollution characteristics and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fine particulate matter in Lanzhou community. J Hyg Res,48(6):957-963 (in Chinese)
    [5] 陈璋琪. 2019. 泉州市大气PM2.5中PAHs的污染特征、来源及其健康风险评价. 地球与环境, 47(3): 275-282

    Chen Z Q. Characteristics, sources and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs in Quanzhou city, Fujian. Earth Environ, 47(3): 275-282 (in Chinese)
    [6] 董小艳,王琼,杨一兵等. 2018. 2017年春节期间北京市城区和郊区大气PM2.5及其中多环芳烃的污染特征. 环境化学,37(10):2191-2198 doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2017122503

    Dong X Y,Wang Q,Yang Y B,et al. 2018. Characterization of ambient PM2.5 and PAHs during 2017 Spring Festival in urban and suburb areas of Beijing. Environ Chem,37(10):2191-2198 (in Chinese) doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2017122503
    [7] 董喆,姜楠,王佳等. 2020. 郑州市大气PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染特征及健康风险评价. 郑州大学学报(理学版),52(2):108-113

    Dong Z,Jiang N,Wang J,et al. 2020. Pollution characterization and health risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs in ambient air in Zhengzhou. J Zhengzhou Univ (Nat Sci Ed),52(2):108-113 (in Chinese)
    [8] 段二红,张微微,李璇等. 2017. 石家庄市采暖期大气细颗粒物中PAHs污染特征. 环境科学研究,30(2):193-201

    Duan E H,Zhang W W,Li X,et al. 2017. Characteristics of PAHs in fine atmospheric particulate matter in Shijiazhuang city in heating season. Res Environ Sci,30(2):193-201 (in Chinese)
    [9] 段小丽. 2016. 中国人群暴露参数手册(儿童卷). 北京: 中国环境出版社. Duan X L. 2016. Highlights of the Chinese Exposure Factors Handbook (Children). Beijing: China Environmental Science Press (in Chinese)
    [10] 冯利红,崔生,陈阳等. 2019. 重污染天气PM2.5中多环芳烃健康风险及预期寿命损失分析. 公共卫生与预防医学,30(4):16-20

    Feng L H,Cui S,Chen Y,et al. 2019. Analysis of health risk and life expectancy loss of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in PM2.5 under heavy polluted weather. J Public Health Prev Med,30(4):16-20 (in Chinese)
    [11] 郭志明,刘頔,林田等. 2018. 太原城区PM2.5中多环芳烃、硝基多环芳烃的污染特征、来源解析和健康风险评价. 环境科学学报,38(3):1102-1108

    Guo Z M,Liu D,Lin T,et al. 2018. Concentration,source identification,and exposure risk assessment of PM2.5-bound PAHs and nitro-PAHs in the atmosphere of Taiyuan. Acta Sci Circum,38(3):1102-1108 (in Chinese)
    [12] 韩金保,肖亚楠,刘晨飞等. 2020. 保定市环境空气PM2.5中多环芳烃污染特征及呼吸暴露风险. 安全与环境学报,20(4):1459-1466

    Han J B,Xiao Y N,Liu C F,et al. 2020. Characteristics and human health risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons components in fine particle in Baoding,Hebei. J Saf Environ,20(4):1459-1466 (in Chinese)
    [13] 环境保护部. 2013a. HJ 647-2013 环境空气和废气 气相和颗粒物中多环芳烃的测定 高效液相色谱法. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社. Ministry of Environment Protection. 2013. HJ 647-2013 Ambient air and stationary source emissions — Determination of gas and particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons — High performance liquid chromatography. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press (in Chinese)
    [14] 环境保护部. 2013b. 中国人群暴露参数手册(成人卷). 北京: 中国环境出版社. Ministry of Environmental Protection. 2013. Exposure Factors Handbook of Chinese Population (Adults). Beijing: China Environmental Science Press (in Chinese)
    [15] 环境保护部, 国家质量监督检验检疫总局. 2016. GB 3095—2012 环境空气质量标准. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社. Ministry of Environment Protection, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China. 2016. GB 3095-2012 Ambient air quality standard. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press (in Chinese)
    [16] 黄季维,范正轩,樊文明等. 2020. 自贡市城区大气PM2.5中多环芳烃污染特征及健康风险评价. 环境与健康杂志,37(1):54-57

    Huang J W,Fan Z X,Fan W M,et al. 2020. Characteristics and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric PM2.5 in Zigong. J Environ Health,37(1):54-57 (in Chinese)
    [17] 江思力,李文学,步犁等. 2020. 广州市2018年大气PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染特征分析和健康风险评价. 中国热带医学,20(8):710-716

    Jiang S L,Li W X,Bu L,et al. 2020. Pollution characteristics and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 in Guangzhou,2018. China Trop Med,20(8):710-716 (in Chinese)
    [18] 雷佩玉,张峰,郑晶利等. 2020. 2016—2018年西安市两城区PM2.5中多环芳烃污染特征分析. 卫生研究,49(5):769-774

    Lei P Y,Zhang F,Zheng J L,et al. 2020. Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons pollution characteristics in PM2.5 in two districts of Xi'an city from 2016 to 2018. J Hyg Res,49(5):769-774 (in Chinese)
    [19] 李晶,祝琳琳,王男等. 2019. 沈阳市大气PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染特征及来源解析. 环境监测管理与技术,31(1):24-28 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2009.2019.01.007

    Li J,Zhu L L,Wang N,et al. 2019. Characteristics and source apportionment of PAHs in atmospheric particles PM2.5 in Shenyang. Admin Tech Environ Monit,31(1):24-28 (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2009.2019.01.007
    [20] 李娜,魏鑫,周宇峰等. 2021. 长春市大气环境PM2.5中多环芳烃的来源解析及健康风险评价. 科学技术与工程,21(1):410-416

    Li N,Wei X,Zhou Y F,et al. 2021. Source analysis and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric environment PM2.5 in Changchun city. Sci Technol Eng,21(1):410-416 (in Chinese)
    [21] 李秋芳,王杨,丁学英等. 2020. 基于GIS的石家庄市PM10和PM2.5时空分布研究. 中国环境监测,36(2):173-183

    Li Q F,Wang Y,Ding X Y,et al. 2020. Temporal and spatial distribution of PM10 and PM2.5 in Shijiazhuang based on GIS. Environ Monit China,36(2):173-183 (in Chinese)
    [22] 李晓,范瀚允,吴兴贺等. 2021. 德州、北京重污染过程PM2.5中PAHs污染特征及来源分析. 环境科学研究,34(1):54-62

    Li X,Fan H Y,Wu X H,et al. 2021. Characteristics and sources of PAHs in PM2.5 during winter heavy pollution episodes in Dezhou and Beijing. Res Environ Sci,34(1):54-62 (in Chinese)
    [23] 李杏茹,郭雪清,刘欣然等. 2008. 北京市冬季大气气溶胶中PAHs的污染特征. 环境化学,27(4):490-493 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0254-6108.2008.04.017

    Li X R,Guo X Q,Liu X R,et al. 2008. Pollution characteristics of PAHs in the atmospheric aerosols in winter time of Beijing. Environ Chem,27(4):490-493 (in Chinese) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0254-6108.2008.04.017
    [24] 李峣,钱枫,何翔. 2013. 北京市西三环地区大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的分布特性. 环境科学研究,26(9):948-955

    Li Y,Qian F,He X. 2013. Distribution characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atomspheric particulates in the area of the 3rd west ring road in Beijing city. Res Environ Sci,26(9):948-955 (in Chinese)
    [25] 刘波,张国峰,周少磊等. 2020. 2016-2018年北京市通州区PM2.5中16种多环芳烃污染特征. 首都公共卫生,14(4):190-193

    Liu B,Zhang G F,Zhou S L,et al. 2020. Pollution characteristics of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric PM2.5 in Tongzhou of Beijing from 2016 to 2018. Cap J Public Health,14(4):190-193 (in Chinese)
    [26] 麦麦提·斯马义,帕丽达·牙合甫,韩梦鑫等. 2018. 2017年春节前后乌鲁木齐市大气颗粒物中多环芳烃的污染特征、来源分析及健康风险评价. 环境化学,37(11):2433-2442 doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2018031301

    Maimaiti S,Palida Y,Han M X,et al. 2018. Characteristics,sources apportionment and toxicity assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric particulate matters 2017 Chinese New Year in Urumqi. Environ Chem,37(11):2433-2442 (in Chinese) doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2018031301
    [27] 孟川平,杨凌霄,董灿等. 2013. 济南冬春季室内空气PM2.5中多环芳烃污染特征及健康风险评价. 环境化学,32(5):719-725 doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.05.001

    Meng C P,Yang L X,Dong C,et al. 2013. Characteristics and health risk assessment of indoor PM2.5 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in winter and spring in Jinan. Environ Chem,32(5):719-725 (in Chinese) doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2013.05.001
    [28] 齐静文,张瑞芹,姜楠等. 2021. 洛阳市秋冬季PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染特征、来源解析及健康风险评价. 环境科学,42(2):595-603

    Qi J W,Zhang R Q,Jiang N,et al. 2021. Characterization,sources,and health risks of PM2.5-bound PAHs during autumn and winter in Luoyang city. Environ Sci,42(2):595-603 (in Chinese)
    [29] 王辰,崔蓉. 2020. 天津秋冬季大气污染治理前后PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染特征. 环境与健康,37(8):713-716

    Wang C,Cui R. 2020. Pollution characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 before and after air pollution control in autumn and winter of Tianjin. J Environ Health,37(8):713-716 (in Chinese)
    [30] 夏冰心,吉正元,韩新宇等. 2020. 玉溪市大气颗粒物中PAHs污染特征与健康风险评估. 环境化学,39(8):2093-2104 doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2019061002

    Xia B X,Ji Z Y,Han X Y,et al. 2020. Pollution characteristics and health risk assessment of PAHs in atmospheric particulates in Yuxi City. Environ Chem,39(8):2093-2104 (in Chinese) doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2019061002
    [31] 杨宇,胡建英,陶澍. 2005. 天津地区致癌风险的预期寿命损失分析. 环境科学,26(1):168-172 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-0742.2005.01.036

    Yang Y,Hu J Y,Tao S. 2005. Loss of life expectancy analysis for cancer risk in Tianjin Area. Environ Sci,26(1):168-172 (in Chinese) doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-0742.2005.01.036
    [32] 张健,梁云平,马召辉等. 2016. 北京市典型排放源PM2.5中多环芳烃成分谱特征. 环境工程学报,10(6):3141-3146 doi: 10.12030/j.cjee.201501098

    Zhang J,Liang Y P,Ma Z H,et al. 2016. Characteristics of PAHs source profile in PM2.5 from typical sources in Beijing. Chinese J Environ Eng,10(6):3141-3146 (in Chinese) doi: 10.12030/j.cjee.201501098
    [33] 张艺璇,曹芳,郑涵等. 2020. 2017年秋季长春市PM2.5中多环芳烃的污染来源及健康风险评价. 环境科学,41(2):564-573

    Zhang Y X,Cao F,Zheng H,et al. 2020. Source apportionment and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 in Changchun city,Autumn of 2017. Environ Sci,41(2):564-573 (in Chinese)
    [34] 赵岩,冯利红,姜长城等. 2019. 天津市市郊社区不同采暖期昼夜PM2.5成分及来源差异. 中华疾病控制杂志,23(9):1121-1125,1131

    Zhao Y,Feng L H,Jiang C C,et al. 2019. Composition and source apportionment differences of daytime and nighttime samples of PM2.5 in the community of suburb in Tianjin during different heating periods. Chinese J Dis Control Prev,23(9):1121-1125,1131 (in Chinese)
    [35] 中华人民共和国生态环境部. 2020. 中国生态环境状况公报. (2021-05-26) [2021-10-15]. https: //www. mee. gov. cn/hjzl/sthjzk/. Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China. 2020. Report on the State of the Ecology and Environment in China. (2021-05-26) [2021-10-15].https: //www.mee.gov.cn/hjzl/sthjzk/ (in Chinese)
    [36] 周变红, 张承中, 王格慧. 2012. 西安城区大气中多环芳烃的季节变化特征及健康风险评价. 环境科学学报, 32(9): 2324-2331

    Zhou B H, Zhang C Z, Wang G H. Seasonal variation and health risk assessment of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the urban area of Xi'an. Acta Sci Circum, 32(9): 2324-2331 (in Chinese)
    [37] 朱婷婷,孙利文. 2020. 怀柔区大气PM2.5多环芳烃污染及吸入健康风险评估. 预防医学,32(12):1272-1276

    Zhu T T,Sun L W. 2020. Pollution and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from PM2.5 by inhalation in Huairou District. Prev Med,32(12):1272-1276 (in Chinese)
    [38] Bi X H,Sheng G Y,Peng P A,et al. 2003. Distribution of particulate-and vapor-phase n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban atmosphere of Guangzhou,China. Atmos Environ,37(2):289-298 doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00832-4
    [39] Bourotte C,Forti M C,Taniguchi S,et al. 2005. A wintertime study of PAHs in fine and coarse aerosols in São Paulo city,Brazil. Atmos Environ,39(21):3799-3811 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.02.054
    [40] Bragato M,Joshi K,Carlson J B,et al. 2012. Combustion of coal,bagasse and blends thereof:Part II:Speciation of PAH emissions. Fuel,96:51-58 doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.11.069
    [41] Chen Y J,Feng Y L,Xiong S C,et al. 2011. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of Shanghai,China. Environ Monit Assess,172(1):235-247
    [42] Fang B,Zhang L,Zeng H,et al. 2020. PM2.5-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:Sources and health risk during non-heating and heating periods (Tangshan,China). Int J Environ Res Public Health,17(2):483 doi: 10.3390/ijerph17020483
    [43] Kim K H,Jahan S A,Kabir E,et al. 2013. A review of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their human health effects. Environ Int,60:71-80 doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.07.019
    [44] Kong S F,Li X X,Li L,et al. 2015. Variation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric PM2.5 during winter haze period around 2014 Chinese Spring Festival at Nanjing:Insights of source changes,air mass direction and firework particle injection. Sci Total Environ,520:59-72 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.03.001
    [45] Kulkarni P,Venkataraman C. 2000. Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Mumbai,India. Atmos Environ,34(17):2785-2790 doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00312-X
    [46] Lammel G,Sehili A M,Bond T C,et al. 2009. Gas/particle partitioning and global distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-A modelling approach. Chemosphere,76(1):98-106 doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.02.017
    [47] Li J W,Li X D,Li M,et al. 2016. Influence of air pollution control devices on the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distribution in flue gas from an ultralow-emission coal-fired power plant. Energy Fuels,30(11):9572-9579 doi: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01381
    [48] Li Q,Jiang N,Yu X,et al. 2019. Sources and spatial distribution of PM2.5-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Zhengzhou in 2016. Atmos Res,216:65-75 doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.09.011
    [49] Li W J,Zhou S Z,Wang X F,et al. 2011. Integrated evaluation of aerosols from regional brown hazes over northern China in winter:Concentrations,sources,transformation,and mixing states. J Geophys Res:Atmos,116(D9):D09301
    [50] Lin Y,Ma Y Q,Qiu X H,et al. 2015. Sources,transformation,and health implications of PAHs and their nitrated,hydroxylated,and oxygenated derivatives in PM2.5 in Beijing. J Geophys Res:Atmos,120(14):7219-7228 doi: 10.1002/2015JD023628
    [51] Mancilla Y,Mendoza A,Fraser M P,et al. 2016. Organic composition and source apportionment of fine aerosol at Monterrey,Mexico,based on organic markers. Atmos Chem Phys,16(2):953-970 doi: 10.5194/acp-16-953-2016
    [52] Martellini T,Giannoni M,Lepri L,et al. 2012. One year intensive PM2.5 bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons monitoring in the area of Tuscany,Italy. Concentrations,source understanding and implications. Environ Pollut,164:252-258 doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.12.040
    [53] Masih J,Dyavarchetty S,Nair A,et al. 2019. Concentration and sources of fine particulate associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at two locations in the western coast of India. Environ Technol Innov,13:179-188 doi: 10.1016/j.eti.2018.10.012
    [54] Menzie C A,Potocki B B,Santodonato J. 1992. Exposure to carcinogenic PAHs in the environment. Environ Sci Technol,26(7):1278-1284 doi: 10.1021/es00031a002
    [55] Pongpiachan S. 2016. Incremental lifetime cancer risk of PM2.5 bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) before and after the wildland fire episode. Aerosol Air Qual Res,16(11):2907-2919 doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2015.01.0011
    [56] United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1989. Risk Assessment guidance for superfund. Volume I: Human health evaluation manual (Part A). EPA/540/1-89/002, Washington: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response
    [57] United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2002. Supplemental guidance for developing soil screening levels for superfund sites. Washington, DC: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response
    [58] Yan D H, Wu S H, Zhou S L, et al. 2019. Characteristics, sources and health risk assessment of airborne particulate PAHs in Chinese cities: A review. Environ Pollut, 248: 804-814
    [59] Yassaa N,Meklati B Y,Cecinato A,et al. 2001. Particulate n-alkanes,n-alkanoic acids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of Algiers city Area. Atmos Environ,35(10):1843-1851 doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00514-8
    [60] Zheng M,Fang M,Wang F,et al. 2000. Characterization of the solvent extractable organic compounds in PM2.5 aerosols in Hong Kong. Atmos Environ,34(17):2691-2702 doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00521-X
    [61] Zhu L Z,Lu H,Chen S G,et al. 2009. Pollution level,phase distribution and source analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in residential air in Hangzhou,China. J Hazard Mater,162(2-3):1165-1170 doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.150
  • 加载中
图(2) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  52
  • HTML全文浏览量:  11
  • PDF下载量:  24
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-29
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-12

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回