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大气环境人体感知度与脑梗塞疾病的关系研究—以黑龙江省五常地区为例

柳艳香 李宇光 苗蕾 李怡 李蔼恂 方丽娟 王朝

柳艳香,李宇光,苗蕾,李怡,李蔼恂,方丽娟,王朝. 2022. 大气环境人体感知度与脑梗塞疾病的关系研究—以黑龙江省五常地区为例. 气象学报,80(3):1-9 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.043
引用本文: 柳艳香,李宇光,苗蕾,李怡,李蔼恂,方丽娟,王朝. 2022. 大气环境人体感知度与脑梗塞疾病的关系研究—以黑龙江省五常地区为例. 气象学报,80(3):1-9 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.043
Liu Yanxiang, Li Yuguang, Miao Lei, Li Yi, Li Aixun, Fang Lijuan, Wang Chao. 2022. The relationship between body perception of weather indices and cerebral infarction disease:A case study in Wuchang, Heilongjiang Province. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 80(3):1-9 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.043
Citation: Liu Yanxiang, Li Yuguang, Miao Lei, Li Yi, Li Aixun, Fang Lijuan, Wang Chao. 2022. The relationship between body perception of weather indices and cerebral infarction disease:A case study in Wuchang, Heilongjiang Province. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 80(3):1-9 doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.043

大气环境人体感知度与脑梗塞疾病的关系研究—以黑龙江省五常地区为例

doi: 10.11676/qxxb2022.043
基金项目: 国家科技基础资源调查专项(2017FY101206)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    柳艳香,主要从事应用气象研究。E-mail:liuyx@cma.gov.cn

    通讯作者:

    李宇光,主要从事生态气象研究。E-mail: zhaizhe@139.com

  • 中图分类号: P49

The relationship between body perception of weather indices and cerebral infarction disease:A case study in Wuchang, Heilongjiang Province

  • 摘要: 大气环境人体感知度(Body Perception Weather Index,BPWI)是人体对大气环境中不同气象要素相互协同作用的感知程度。BPWI的变化会引起机体的生理应激反应,易引诱或加重脑梗塞疾病的发生。利用五常地区2015年10月30日至2018年12月31日逐日脑梗塞发病住院病例数和同期BPWI及其变化的关系,分析研究了BPWI变化对脑梗塞发病风险的关系。全年中五常地区BPWI最大值10.1(7月),最小值-33.7(1月);BPWI<0时脑梗塞的发病风险较高,BPWI介于−10—0时脑梗塞的发病人数占总发病人数的16.7%,其中BPWI<−30时发病率最高可占18.8%,BPWI介于0—10的发病率12%—13%,BPWI>10时,发病率最低;BPWI的变化幅度在0—−10时,脑梗塞的平均发病率大于20%,其中变化幅度0—−2.5时发病人数占比最高达27.6%,变化幅度超过±10时,发病率反而降低;连续2天BPWI的变化对脑梗塞的发病具有滞后效应,在−2.5—2.5时,脑梗塞的平均发病人数占比大于25%,连续3天BPWI的变化对脑梗塞的发病风险具有累积叠加效应,BPWI变化介于−10—10时,发病人数占比在13%—18%;室内外BPWI差异对脑梗塞的发病具有重要影响,室内外BPWI差异介于−30—−20时,脑梗塞的发病人数占比最高达41.3%,其次是介于−40—−30时达到21.6%,但BPWI<−40或随着室内外BPWI差异的减小,脑梗塞的发病率逐渐降低。

     

  • 图 1  五常地区1981—2010年BPWI和气温日变化

    Figure 1.  Time series of daily BPWI and temperature during 1981—2010 in Wuchang area

    图 2  2015—2018年逐日BPWI距平变化 (黑色粗曲线为15天滑动平均)

    Figure 2.  Time series of daily BPWI anomaly during 2015—2018 ( Thick black curve shows 15-day moving average)

    图 3  五常地区的脑梗塞发病人数

    Figure 3.  Number of cerebral infarction cases in Wuchang region

    图 4  BPWI等级与脑梗塞发病人数占比

    Figure 4.  BPWI grades and cerebral infarction rates

    图 5  BPWI距平变化范围与脑梗塞发病占比

    Figure 5.  Ranges of BPWI anomaly and cerebral infarction rates

    图 6  连续2天和连续3天BPWI距平与脑梗塞发病比较

    Figure 6.  Comparison of cerebral infarction morbidity with BPWI anomaly in 2 & 3 consecutive days

    表  1  五常地区30年(1981—2010年)平均人体感知度级别划分

    Table  1.   Classification of BPWI during 1981—2010 in Wuchang area

    级别
    BPWI>105—100—50—−5−5—−10−10—−20−20—−30<−30
    大气环境较冷寒冷严寒
    全年占比(%)0.323.011.210.99.814.718.012.1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2016—2018年BPWI距平区间出现频次(%)

    Table  2.   Occurrence frequencies of BPWI anomaly at 8 intervals from 2016 to 2018

    级别
    BPWI 距平15—1010—55—2.52.5—00—−2.5−2.5—−5−5—−10−10—−15
    全年 占比(%)20160.62.86.915.629.719.423.31.7
    201707.17.91723.82318.42.7
    20180.56.69.31721.121.121.92.5
    平 均0.63067.32.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  室内外BPWI差值与脑梗塞发病人数

    Table  3.   Differences between indoor and outdoor BPWI and cerebral infarction morbidity

    BPWI室外与室内差值<−40−40—−30−30—−20−20—−10−10—−5−5—−2.5−2.5—00—2.52.5—5>5
    发病人数占比(%)2.921.641.316.710.53.01.41.30.70.4
    室外BPWI−37.0−29.3−20.9−10.7−2.80.62.85.57.911.2
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-14
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-09
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-12

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